Since 9/11, federal legislation has expanded the powers of the Food and Drug Administration to increase defense against threats to the nation’s food supply. Two major pieces of legislation, “Bioterrorism Act” and the Food Safety Modernization Act (“FSMA”), specifically address the threats of intentionally adulterated food and food smuggled into the country. While the FDA is preparing guidance on agriculture and food defense strategy as required by FSMA, a voluntary scheme, the Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism (“C-TPAT”), is already in place. Understanding the existing and forthcoming program requirements should be a priority for both domestic and international organizations in the food industry.
This article provides an introduction post-9/11 policy developments related to the incorporation of new intentional adulteration safeguards into U.S. food supply regulation.
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